Newsletter No 87

Summer 2013

Using Your Camera                                             Les Hankinson

From the Editors desk

Summer has hit us at last and in some degree! I suppose we are never satisfied but for me it is a bit too hot! However I can sit indoors catching up with my reading and appreciate the outdoor view and then in the slightly cooler evening meander around the garden watering the plants and doing a gentle bit of weeding. I was amused when my Japanese daughter in law said she was looking forward to coming over for the cooler weather. Although I think it is about 5 degrees cooler than Japan.

There have been two more excellent talk in the last two months by Margaret Shore talking about Belarus and the children of Chernobyol and Heather Hook with a Bird’s Eye view 0f famous Landmarks, and we look forward to many more in the coming months.

As you know, we are planning to go Digital with the Newsletter, saving money and paper. With this in mind we need your help. If  you would like your Newsletter online, please email me at zjbp@btinternet.com so that I can easily transfer your address into my system. It will be sent as a BCC copy, so that it will only be addressed to you.

If you still wish to have a paper copy please sign the list that will be available at the next meeting, or let us know in some other way. If you would like to have your Newsletter sent to you by post, please supply a stamped addressed envelope. Could Group leaders let me know of any members of their groups who do not normally get a copy of the Newsletter as they don’t attend the monthly Coffee Morning, and we can supply you with some to hand out at you group meetings. We aim to try and get the Newsletter to as many people as possible so that everyone is aware of what is happening and any changes in fees or arrangements.


We welcome new members Mrs Margaret Gill and Miss Paula Smith to Spire U3A


Thank You

A very warm thank you to Spire U3A members for your generous support of Chernobyl Children’s Lifeline following my recent talk on Belarus. The collection at the end of the meeting amounted to £91.70 and together with the SPIRE donation, I was able to send £121.70 which be of great help to the CCL Committee in their work of hosting groups of children from Belarus for the month long holiday in this country.                                                          Margaret Shore


Group News

Poetry Group

The Spire U3A Poetry Group meets on the third Thursday of each month at 2.30 pm in various houses of its members. We read aloud poems on a previously selected subject, or written by previously chosen poets, and then discuss them and learn from each other. We also set the world to rights over a cup of tea and biscuits and generally have a very satisfactory, often hilarious, afternoon.

At full strength we are ten - but we are rarely all in attendance. We welcome new members who love poetry of all kinds!

Beryl Paton


Opera for Beginners Group

With the regrettable closure of Jack Shore’s Opera Group, I have rethought the running of the above group.

First of all it will be renamed the Opera Group. Experience has shown that the last Monday of the month is not the best day to hold

it, so from September 2013 it will be on the last Thursday of the month starting at 1.45pm.

We can only accommodate 6 members. If the regulars cannot make it, it seems unfair to deprive someone else of watching first class performances from first class venues. I am therefore starting a standby list. If you can take up an offer a couple of days before the scheduled date and would like to go on the list, please let me know. Septembers offering is La Traviata and Octobers Rigoletto

Pat Crossland


OUTING TO LACOCK
WEDNESDAY, 9 OCTOBER 2013

Spire arranged the outing to Devizes that will be in September.  We hope you will all enjoy this trip.   Now Sarum  have arranged a visit to Lacock.    Fill in an application form if you would like to come and either send it to Jenny Watmore or give it to her at a Monthly Meeting.   It sounds really interesting.   

Ayesha Nickol

VISITS BOOKING FORM

Lacock

Wednesdy 9th October 2013       

Abbey, Village and Fox Talbot Museum

Please send completed tear off strip below and post, together with Cheque or Postal Order Payable to ‘Sarum U3A Visits A/c’ for £21.00 plus SAE, to:

Miss Jenny Watmore, 5 Green’s Court, St Ann Street, Salisbury, SP1 2SX

Tel: 01722 330078, Email:  jenniferwatmore194@btinternet.com

Meet at London Road Park and Ride at 8:40am for 9:00am departure

Please note that if having paid for this trip, you find you cannot come and

neither Spire nor Sarum can fill your place,

we regret we are unable to refund your payment,

as we are committed to paying for the coach and the additional expenses of this trip.

Name(s): ……………………………………………………………….

Address:…………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………….............…………………………

Home  Tel :…………………………….…….........................…

Mobile:………………………..............................……………

Email:………………………...................................…………


Heaven is Where:                   Hell is Where:

The Police are British,                       The Police are German
The Chefs are Italian                         The Chefs are British,
The Mechanics are German,              The Mechanics are French

The Lovers are French  and               The Lovers are Swiss and
It’s all organized by the Swiss            It’s all organized by the Italians


Using Your Computer -Browsing the Web

To browse the Internet you need a web browser.  This is a software programme for retrieving, presenting and traversin It's all organized by the Italians.g information resources on the World Wide Web. The major web browsers are Google Chrome, FirefoxInternet ExplorerOpera, and Safari.  You can chose which browser you would prefer to use, unless you use an Apple Mac or iPad in which case you will be using Safari.  The first web browser was invented in 1990 by Sir Tim Berners-Lee (he of Olympics Opening Ceremony fame!).

The primary purpose of a web browser is to bring information resources to your computer ("retrieval" or "fetching"), allowing you to view the information ("display", "rendering"), and then access other information ("navigation", "following links").  All major web browsers allow you to open multiple information resources at the same time, either in different browser windows or in different  of the same window.  Major browsers also include pop-up blockers to prevent unwanted windows from "popping up" without your consent.  Most web browsers can display a list of web pages that you have  so that you can quickly return to them.  Bookmarks are also called "Favorites" in Internet Explorer.   Most browsers include; Back and forward buttons to go back to the previous resource and forward respectively; a refresh or reload button to reload the current resource; a stop  button to cancel loading the resource.(In some browsers, the stop button is merged with the reload button);  a home button to return to the user's home page; an address bar to input the address of the desired resource and display it; a search bar to input terms into a search engine. In some browsers, the search bar is merged with the address bar; a status bar to display progress in loading what you are looking for, and a page zooming capability.

I expect you are used to one particular browser, but it’s worth trying a different one. You don’t have to get rid of the old one. Google Chrome is my favourite.

Search Engines

An Internet search engine is a software program that is designed to search for information on the World Wide Web.  During early development of the Web, the list of webservers was maintained by Tim Berners-Lee (that man again!).  As more and more webservers went online the central list could no longer keep up.  In the summer of 1993, no search engine existed for the web, though numerous specialized catalogues were maintained by hand

Web search engines work by storing information about many web pages, which they retrieve from the page's address.  The usefulness of a search engine depends on the relevance of the result set it gives back. While there may be millions of web pages that include a particular word or phrase, some pages may be more relevant, popular, or authoritative than others. 

You need to be aware that most Web search engines are commercial ventures supported by advertising revenue and thus some of them allow advertisers to have their listings ranked higher in search results for a fee.  The search engines make money every time someone clicks on one of these ads. Google is the most popular search engine with over 80% market share.  A research report in 2011 gave "success rates" of over 80 percent for Yahoo! and Bing searches while Google's rate was just under 68 percent. Also, search engines tend to skew towards coverage of U.S.-based sites, rather than websites from non-U.S. countries

Many search engines such as Google and Bing provide customized results based on your activity history. They selectively guess what information you would like to see, based on information about you (such as location, past click behaviour and search history). As a result, websites tend to show only information that agrees with your past viewpoint, effectively isolating you in a bubble that tends to exclude contrary information.

So the lesson is – don’t just stick with one search engine – try a different one to maximize your search results.     

Phil Whitemore


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